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Vietnam travel guide

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About

Vietnam is located in South-eastern Asia part of Asia. It's total area is 313K km² and 47% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 98M. 38.8% lives in cities whereas 61.2% lives in rural areas.
Vietnam or Viet Nam (Vietnamese: Việt Nam, [vîət nāːm] (listen)), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV), is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the eastern edge of mainland Southeast Asia, with an area of 311,699 square kilometres (120,348 sq mi) and population of 96 million, making it the world's sixteenth-most populous country. Vietnam borders China to the north, and Laos and Cambodia to the west. It shares maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia through the South China Sea. Its capital is Hanoi and its largest city is Ho Chi Minh City (commonly referred to by its former name, Saigon).

Vietnam was inhabited by the Paleolithic age, with states established in the first millennium BC on the Red River Delta in modern-day northern Vietnam. The Han dynasty annexed Northern and Central Vietnam under Chinese rule from 111 BC, until the first dynasty emerged in 939. Successive monarchical dynasties absorbed Chinese influences through Confucianism and Buddhism, and expanded southward to the Mekong Delta, conquering Champa. The Nguyễn—the last imperial dynasty—surrendered to France in 1883. Following the August Revolution, the nationalist Viet Minh under the leadership of communist revolutionary Ho Chi Minh proclaimed independence from France in 1945.

Vietnam went through prolonged warfare in the 20th century. After World War II, France returned to reclaim colonial power in the First Indochina War, from which Vietnam emerged victorious in 1954. As a result of treaties signed two years later, Vietnam was also separated into two parts. The Vietnam War began shortly after, between the communist North, supported by the Soviet Union and China, and the anti-communist South, supported by the United States. Upon the North Vietnamese victory in 1975, Vietnam reunified as a unitary socialist state under the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV) in 1976. An ineffective planned economy, a trade embargo by the West, and wars with Cambodia and China crippled the country further. In 1986, the CPV initiated economic and political reforms similar to the Chinese economic reform, transforming the country to a market-oriented economy. The reforms facilitated Vietnamese reintegration into the global economy and politics.

A developing country with a lower-middle-income economy, Vietnam is nonetheless one of the fastest-growing economies of the 21st century, with a GDP predicted to rival developed nations by 2050. Vietnam has high levels of corruption and censorship and a poor human rights record; the country ranks among the lowest in international measurements of civil liberties, freedom of the press, and freedom of religion and ethnic minorities. It is part of international and intergovernmental institutions including the ASEAN, the APEC, the CPTPP, the Non-Aligned Movement, the OIF, and the WTO. It has assumed a seat on the United Nations Security Council twice.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Vietnam with these tags:

💬 Languages

Vietnamese is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Vietnamese đồng [1 USD = 24,569.101 VND].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Vietnam, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %4.120339081]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 25K ATM's in Vietnam.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 18M tourists arrived to Vietnam. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Vietnam economy with a total of 11.8B $ income (%4.2).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is fast with 51.65 Mbps. Broadband is 🚀very fast with 107.24 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (1.8 / 10)

Broadband (3.74 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ☀️ 24 °C and hot. Current 3 months (April, May and June) average is 🔥 27 °C and very hot. Current season (spring) is 🔥 25 °C and very hot.
Yearly average24 °C ☀️
3 month average27 °C 🔥
Spring average25 °C 🔥
Summer average27 °C 🔥
Fall average25 °C ☀️
Winter average21 °C ☀️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 394B $ and with %7.5 increase GNI per capita was 4K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %3.2.
Note

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.