Turkmenistan travel guide



Turkmenistan is located in Central Asia part of Asia. It's total area is 470K km² and 8.8% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 6.4M. 53.5% lives in cities whereas 46.5% lives in rural areas.
Turkmenistan ( (listen) or (listen); Turkmen: Türkmenistan, pronounced [tʏɾkmønʏˈθːɑːn]) is a country located in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north, east and northeast, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest and the Caspian Sea to the west. Ashgabat is the capital and largest city. The population is about 6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics, and Turkmenistan is one of the most sparsely populated nations in Asia.Turkmenistan has long served as a thoroughfare for several empires and cultures. Merv is one of the oldest oasis-cities in Central Asia, and was once the biggest city in the world. It was also one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road. Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1925, Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR); it became independent after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.The country is widely criticized for its poor human rights, its treatment of minorities, press and religious freedoms. Since gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Turkmenistan has been ruled by repressive totalitarian regimes: that of President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov (also known as Türkmenbaşy or "Head of the Turkmens") until his death in 2006; Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, who became president in 2007 after winning a non-democratic election (he had been vice-president and then acting president previously); and his son Serdar, who won a subsequent 2022 presidential election described by international observers as neither free nor fair, and now shares power with his father.Turkmenistan possesses the world's fifth largest reserves of natural gas. Most of the country is covered by the Karakum Desert. From 1993 to 2017, citizens received government-provided electricity, water and natural gas free of charge. Turkmenistan is an observer state in the Organisation of Turkic States, the Türksoy community and a member of the United Nations. It is also the only permanent neutral country recognized by the UN General Assembly in Asia.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Turkmenistan with these tags:

💬 Languages

Russian, Turkmen are the official languages.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Turkmenistani manat [1 USD = 3.494 TMT].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Turkmenistan, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %0].

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2007, 8.2K tourists arrived to Turkmenistan.

📱 Bandwidth

Broadband is 🐌slow with 6.55 Mbps.

Broadband (0.23 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is 🌤️ 15 °C and warm. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is 🔥 26 °C and very hot. Current season (spring) is 🌤️ 15 °C and warm.
Yearly average15 °C 🌤️
3 month average26 °C 🔥
Spring average15 °C 🌤️
Summer average28 °C 🔥
Fall average15 °C 🌤️
Winter average2 °C ❄️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

We have no financial data.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.