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Sri Lanka travel guide

Sri LankaSri Lanka

About

Sri Lanka is located in Southern Asia part of Asia. It's total area is 62K km² and 34.1% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 22M. 19% lives in cities whereas 81% lives in rural areas.
Sri Lanka (UK: , US: (listen); Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා, romanized: Śrī Laṅkā (IPA: [ʃriː laŋkaː]); Tamil: இலங்கை, romanized: Ilaṅkai (IPA: [ilaŋɡaj])), formerly known as Ceylon and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia. It lies in the Indian Ocean, southwest of the Bay of Bengal, separated from the Indian peninsula by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. Sri Lanka shares a maritime border with the Maldives in the south-west and India in the north-west.

Sri Lanka has a population of around 22 million (2020) and is home to many cultures, languages, and ethnicities. The Sinhalese people form the majority of the nation's population, followed by the Tamils, who are the largest minority group and are concentrated in northern Sri Lanka; both the linguistic groups have played an influential role in the island's history. Other long established groups include the Moors, the Burghers, the Malays, the Chinese, and the indigenous Vedda.Sri Lanka's documented history goes back 3,000 years, with evidence of prehistoric human settlements that dates back at least 125,000 years. The earliest known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, known collectively as the Pāli canon, date to the fourth Buddhist council, which took place in 29 BCE. Also called the Teardrop of India, or the Granary of the East, Sri Lanka's geographic location and deep harbours have made it of great strategic importance, from the earliest days of the ancient Silk Road trade route to today's so-called maritime Silk Road. Because its location made it a major trading hub, it was already known to both Far Easterners and Europeans as long ago as the Anuradhapura period (377 BCE–1017 CE). During a period of great political crisis in the Kingdom of Kotte, the Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka and sought to control the island's maritime trade, with a part of Sri Lanka subsequently becoming a Portuguese possession. After the Sinhalese-Portuguese war, the Dutch and the Kingdom of Kandy took control of those areas. The Dutch possessions were then taken by the British, who later extended their control over the whole island, colonising it from 1815 to 1948. A national movement for political independence arose in the early 20th century, and in 1948, Ceylon became a dominion. The dominion was succeeded by the republic named Sri Lanka in 1972. Sri Lanka's more recent history was marred by a 26-year civil war, which began in 1983 and ended decisively in 2009, when the Sri Lanka Armed Forces defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.Sri Lanka is a developing country, ranking 73rd on the Human Development Index. It is the highest-ranked South Asian nation in terms of development and has the second-highest per capita income in South Asia; however, the ongoing economic crisis has resulted in the collapse of the currency, rising inflation, and a humanitarian crisis due to a severe shortage of essentials. It has also led to an eruption of street protests, with citizens successfully demanding that the president and the government step down. The island has had a long history of engagement with modern international groups: it is a founding member of the SAARC and a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the G77, and the Non-Aligned Movement.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Sri Lanka with these tags:

💬 Languages

Sinhalese, Tamil are the official languages.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Sri Lankan rupee [1 USD = 310.469 LKR].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Sri Lanka, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %5.336649716]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 3.7K ATM's in Sri Lanka.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 2M tourists arrived to Sri Lanka. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Sri Lanka economy with a total of 4.7B $ income (%24).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is 🐌slow with 18.53 Mbps. Broadband is 🐢average with 22.51 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (0.59 / 10)

Broadband (0.79 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is 🔥 27 °C and very hot. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is 🔥 28 °C and very hot. Current season (spring) is 🔥 28 °C and very hot.
Yearly average27 °C 🔥
3 month average28 °C 🔥
Spring average28 °C 🔥
Summer average28 °C 🔥
Fall average27 °C 🔥
Winter average25 °C 🔥
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 80B $ and with %-8.2 decrease GNI per capita was 3.6K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %49.7.
Note

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.