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São Tomé and Príncipe travel guide

São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé and Príncipe

About

São Tomé and Príncipe is located in Sub-Saharan Africa part of Africa. It's total area is 960 km² and 53.4% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 227K. 75.8% lives in cities whereas 24.2% lives in rural areas.
São Tomé and Príncipe (; Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w̃ tuˈmɛ i ˈpɾĩsɨpɨ]); English: "Saint Thomas and Prince"), officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe (Portuguese: República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe), is a Portuguese-speaking island country in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa.

It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, about 150 km (93.21 mi) apart and about 250 and 225 km (155 and 140 mi) off the northwestern coast of Gabon. With a population of 201,800 (2018 official estimate), São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest and second-least populous African sovereign state after Seychelles.

The islands were uninhabited until their discovery in 1470 by Portuguese explorers João de Santarém and Pedro Escobar.[1] Gradually colonized and settled throughout the 16th century, they collectively served as a vital commercial and trade centre for the Atlantic slave trade. The rich volcanic soil and proximity to the equator made São Tomé and Príncipe ideal for sugar cultivation, followed later by cash crops such as coffee and cocoa; the lucrative plantation economy was heavily dependent upon African slaves. Cycles of social unrest and economic instability throughout the 19th and 20th centuries culminated in peaceful independence in 1975. São Tomé and Príncipe has since remained one of Africa's most stable and democratic countries.

The people of São Tomé and Príncipe are predominantly of African and mestiço descent, with most practicing Catholicism. The legacy of Portuguese rule is also visible in the country's culture, customs, and music, which fuse European and African influences. São Tomé and Príncipe is a founding member state of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged São Tomé and Príncipe with these tags:

💬 Languages

Portuguese is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is São Tomé and Príncipe dobra [1 USD = 22.88 STN].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

We don't have any data for credit card usage in São Tomé and Príncipe.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2018, 33.4K tourists arrived to São Tomé and Príncipe. In 2018, tourism has contributed to São Tomé and Príncipe economy with a total of 71.9M $ income (%73.2).

📱 Bandwidth

We don't have any bandwidth data for São Tomé and Príncipe.

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ☀️ 24 °C and hot. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is ☀️ 23 °C and hot. Current season (spring) is ☀️ 25 °C and hot.
Yearly average24 °C ☀️
3 month average23 °C ☀️
Spring average25 °C ☀️
Summer average22 °C ☀️
Fall average23 °C ☀️
Winter average25 °C ☀️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

We have no financial data.
Note

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.