North Macedonia travel guide

North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia


North Macedonia is located in Southern Europe part of Europe. It's total area is 25K km² and 39.7% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 2.1M. 59.1% lives in cities whereas 40.9% lives in rural areas.
North Macedonia, officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a landlocked country in Southeast Europe. It shares land borders with Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south, and Albania to the west. It constitutes approximately the northern third of the larger geographical region of Macedonia. Skopje, the capital and largest city, is home to a quarter of the country's 1.83 million people. The majority of the residents are ethnic Macedonians, a South Slavic people. Albanians form a significant minority at around 25%, followed by Turks, Romani, Serbs, Bosniaks, Aromanians and a few other minorities.

The region's history begins with the kingdom of Paeonia, a mixed Thraco-Illyrian polity. In the late sixth century BC, the area was subjugated by the Persian Achaemenid Empire, then incorporated into the Kingdom of Macedonia in the fourth century BC. The Roman Republic conquered the region in the second century BC and made it part of the larger province of Macedonia. The area remained part of the Byzantine Empire, but was often raided and settled by Slavic tribes beginning in the sixth century of the Christian era. Following centuries of contention between the Bulgarian, Byzantine, and Serbian Empires, it was part of the Ottoman Empire from the mid-14th until the early 20th century, when, following the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913, the modern territory of North Macedonia came under Serbian rule.

During the First World War, the territory was ruled by Bulgaria, but after the end of the war it returned to Serbian rule as part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. During the Second World War, it was again ruled by Bulgaria; and in 1945 it was established as a constituent state of communist Yugoslavia, which it remained until its peaceful secession in 1991. The country became a member of the United Nations in April 1993, but as a result of a dispute with Greece over the name "Macedonia", it was admitted under the provisional description "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (abbreviated as "FYR Macedonia" or "FYROM"). In June 2018, Macedonia and Greece resolved the dispute with an agreement that the country should rename itself "Republic of North Macedonia". This renaming came into effect in February 2019.

A unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, North Macedonia is a member of the UN, NATO, the Council of Europe, the World Bank, OSCE, CEFTA, BSEC and the WTO. Since 2005, it has also been a candidate for joining the European Union. North Macedonia is an upper-middle-income country according to the World Bank's definitions and has undergone considerable economic reform since its independence in developing an open economy. It is a developing country, ranked 82nd on the Human Development Index; and provides social security, a universal health care system, and free primary and secondary education to its citizens.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged North Macedonia with these tags:

💬 Languages

Macedonian is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Macedonian denar [1 USD = 56.794 MKD].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in North Macedonia, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %17.37874299]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 1.2K ATM's in North Macedonia.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2016, 510K tourists arrived to North Macedonia. In 2016, tourism has contributed to North Macedonia economy with a total of 283M $ income (%5.3).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is fast with 80.79 Mbps. Broadband is 🐢average with 40.7 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (2.82 / 10)

Broadband (1.42 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ❄️ 10 °C and cold. Current 3 months (April, May and June) average is 🌤️ 13 °C and warm. Current season (spring) is ❄️ 9 °C and cold.
Yearly average10 °C ❄️
3 month average13 °C 🌤️
Spring average9 °C ❄️
Summer average19 °C ☀️
Fall average11 °C 🌤️
Winter average-0 °C ❄️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 14B $ and with %2.6 increase GNI per capita was 6.7K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %14.2.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.