Nicaragua travel guide



Nicaragua is located in Latin America and the Caribbean part of North America. It's total area is 120K km² and 27.5% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 6.9M. 59.6% lives in cities whereas 40.4% lives in rural areas.
Nicaragua ( (listen); Spanish: [nikaˈɾaɣwa] (listen)), officially the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish: República de Nicaragua ), is the largest country in Central America, bordered by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Managua is the country's capital and largest city. As of 2015, it was estimated to be the second largest city in Central America. Nicaragua's multiethnic population of six million includes people of mestizo, Indigenous, European and African heritage. The main language is Spanish. Indigenous tribes on the Mosquito Coast speak their own languages and English.

Originally inhabited by various indigenous cultures since ancient times, the region was conquered by the Spanish Empire in the 16th century. Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821. The Mosquito Coast followed a different historical path, being colonized by the English in the 17th century and later coming under British rule. It became an autonomous territory of Nicaragua in 1860 and its northernmost part was transferred to Honduras in 1960. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, occupation and fiscal crisis, including the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s and the Contra War of the 1980s.

The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in folklore, cuisine, music, and literature, particularly the latter, given the literary contributions of Nicaraguan poets and writers such as Rubén Darío. Known as the "land of lakes and volcanoes", Nicaragua is also home to the Bosawás Biosphere Reserve, the second-largest rainforest of the Americas. The biological diversity, warm tropical climate and active volcanoes make Nicaragua an increasingly popular tourist destination. Nicaragua co-founded the United Nations and is also a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, Organization of American States, Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America, and Community of Latin American and Caribbean States.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Nicaragua with these tags:

💬 Languages

Spanish is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Nicaraguan córdoba [1 USD = 36.76 NIO].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Nicaragua, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %4.935999587]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 1.5K ATM's in Nicaragua.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 1.5M tourists arrived to Nicaragua. In 2018, tourism has contributed to Nicaragua economy with a total of 544M $ income (%9.8).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is 🐌slow with 15.66 Mbps. Broadband is fast with 53.09 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (0.5 / 10)

Broadband (1.87 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is 🔥 25 °C and very hot. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is 🔥 26 °C and very hot. Current season (spring) is 🔥 26 °C and very hot.
Yearly average25 °C 🔥
3 month average26 °C 🔥
Spring average26 °C 🔥
Summer average25 °C 🔥
Fall average25 °C ☀️
Winter average24 °C ☀️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 15B $ and with %1.6 increase GNI per capita was 2.1K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %10.5.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.