Mongolia travel guide



Mongolia is located in Eastern Asia part of Asia. It's total area is 1.6M km² and 9.1% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 3.4M. 68.9% lives in cities whereas 31.1% lives in rural areas.
Mongolia ( (listen)) is a landlocked country in East Asia, bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south. It covers an area of 1,564,116 square kilometres (603,909 square miles), with a population of just 3.3 million, making it the world's most sparsely populated sovereign nation. Mongolia is the world's largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea, and much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to roughly half of the country's population.

The territory of modern-day Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the First Turkic Khaganate, and others. In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous land empire in history. His grandson Kublai Khan conquered China proper and established the Yuan dynasty. After the collapse of the Yuan, the Mongols retreated to Mongolia and resumed their earlier pattern of factional conflict, except during the era of Dayan Khan and Tumen Zasagt Khan. In the 16th century, Tibetan Buddhism spread to Mongolia, being further led by the Manchu-founded Qing dynasty, which absorbed the country in the 17th century. By the early 20th century, almost one-third of the adult male population were Buddhist monks. After the collapse of the Qing dynasty in 1911, Mongolia declared independence, and achieved actual independence from the Republic of China in 1921. Shortly thereafter, the country became a satellite state of the Soviet Union, which had aided its independence from China. In 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was founded as a socialist state. After the anti-communist revolutions of 1989, Mongolia conducted its own peaceful democratic revolution in early 1990. This led to a multi-party system, a new constitution of 1992, and transition to a market economy.

Approximately 30% of the population is nomadic or semi-nomadic; horse culture remains integral. Buddhism is the majority religion (51.7%), with the nonreligious being the second-largest group (40.6%). Islam is the third-largest religious identification (3.2%), concentrated among ethnic Kazakhs. The vast majority of citizens are ethnic Mongols, with roughly 5% of the population being Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other ethnic minorities, who are especially concentrated in the west. Mongolia is a member of the United Nations, Asia Cooperation Dialogue, G77, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Non-Aligned Movement and a NATO global partner. Mongolia joined the World Trade Organization in 1997 and seeks to expand its participation in regional economic and trade groups.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Mongolia with these tags:

💬 Languages

Mongolian is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Mongolian tögrög [1 USD = 3,455.413 MNT].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Mongolia, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %3.208103776]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 1.6K ATM's in Mongolia.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 637K tourists arrived to Mongolia. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Mongolia economy with a total of 605M $ income (%7.2).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is 🐌slow with 18.73 Mbps. Broadband is fast with 62.66 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (0.7 / 10)

Broadband (2.37 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ❄️ -1 °C and cold. Current 3 months (December, January and February) average is 🧊 -19 °C and freezing. Current season (winter) is 🧊 -19 °C and freezing.
Yearly average-1 °C ❄️
3 month average-19 °C 🧊
Spring average1 °C ❄️
Summer average16 °C 🌤️
Fall average-0 °C ❄️
Winter average-19 °C 🧊
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 14B $ and with %6.2 increase GNI per capita was 4.2K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %15.1.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.