Mauritania travel guide



Mauritania is located in Sub-Saharan Africa part of Africa. It's total area is 1M km² and 0.3% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 4.7M. 56.9% lives in cities whereas 43.1% lives in rural areas.
Mauritania, officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania (Arabic: الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية), is a sovereign country in Northwest Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest. Mauritania is the 11th-largest country in Africa and the 28th-largest in the world, and 90% of its territory is situated in the Sahara. Most of its population of 4.4 million lives in the temperate south of the country, with roughly one-third concentrated in the capital and largest city, Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast.

The country's name derives from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, located in North Africa within the ancient Maghreb. Berbers occupied what is now Mauritania beginning in the third century AD. Arabs under the Umayyad Caliphate conquered the area in the late seventh century, bringing Islam, Arab culture, and the Arabic language. In the early 20th century, Mauritania was colonized by France as part of French West Africa. It achieved independence in 1960, but has since experienced recurrent coups and periods of military dictatorship. The most recent coup, in 2008, was led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, who won subsequent presidential elections in 2009 and 2014. He was succeeded by Mohamed Ould Ghazouani following the 2019 elections, which were considered Mauritania's first peaceful transition of power since independence.Mauritania is culturally and politically part of the Arab world; it is a member of the Arab League and Arabic is the sole official language. The official religion is Islam, and almost all inhabitants are Sunni Muslims. Despite its prevailing Arab identity, Mauritanian society is multiethnic; the Bidhan, or so-called "white moors", make up 30% of the population, while the Haratin, or so-called "black moors", comprise 40%. Both groups reflect a fusion of Arab-Berber ethnicity, language, and culture. The remaining 30% of the population comprises various sub-Saharan ethnic groups.

Despite an abundance of natural resources, including iron ore and petroleum, Mauritania remains poor; its economy is based primarily on agriculture, livestock, and fishing. Mauritania is known for its poor human-rights record, most notably the continued practice of slavery, a result of a historical caste system between the Bidhan and Haratin. It was the last country in the world to abolish slavery, in 1981, and criminalized it only in 2007.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Mauritania with these tags:

💬 Languages

Arabic is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Mauritanian ouguiya [1 USD = 39.897 MRU].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Mauritania, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %3.310433775]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 456 ATM's in Mauritania.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2000, 30K tourists arrived to Mauritania. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Mauritania economy with a total of 13.7M $ income (%0.5).

📱 Bandwidth

Broadband is 🐢average with 23.11 Mbps.

Broadband (0.81 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is 🔥 28 °C and very hot. Current 3 months (April, May and June) average is 🔥 31 °C and very hot. Current season (spring) is 🔥 28 °C and very hot.
Yearly average28 °C 🔥
3 month average31 °C 🔥
Spring average28 °C 🔥
Summer average33 °C 🔥
Fall average28 °C 🔥
Winter average21 °C ☀️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 9.8B $ and with %5 increase GNI per capita was 2.1K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %9.5.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.