Madagascar travel guide



Madagascar is located in Sub-Saharan Africa part of Africa. It's total area is 582K km² and 21.3% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 30M. 39.9% lives in cities whereas 60.1% lives in rural areas.
Madagascar (; Malagasy: Madagasikara, pronounced [ma.da.ɡʲa.ra]), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara, Malagasy pronunciation: [repuˈblikʲanʲ madaɡasʲˈkʲarə̥]; French: République de Madagascar) is a sovereign island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometres (250 miles) off the coast of East Africa across the Mozambique Channel. At 592,800 square kilometres (228,900 sq mi), it is the world's second-largest island country, after Indonesia. Its capital and largest city is Antananarivo.

Home to around 30 million people, Madagascar consists of an eponymous main island (the world's fourth largest by area) and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 90 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation; consequently, it is a biodiversity hotspot and one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries, with over 90% of wildlife being endemic.

Madagascar was first settled during or before the mid first millennium AD by Austronesian peoples, presumably arriving on outrigger canoes from present-day Indonesia. These were joined around the ninth century AD by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. Subsequently, the Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into 18 or more subgroups, of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.

Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting sociopolitical alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of it was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles. The monarchy ended in 1897 following annexation by France, from which Madagascar gained independence in 1960. The country has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed republics, and has been governed as a constitutional democracy since 1992. Following a political crisis and military coup in 2009, Madagascar underwent a protracted transition towards its fourth and current republic, with constitutional governance being restored in January 2014.

Madagascar is a member of the United Nations (UN), the African Union (AU), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the Organization Internationale de la Francophonie. Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state. Christianity is the country's predominant religion, but a significant minority still practice traditional faiths. Madagascar is classified as a least developed country by the UN. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health and private enterprise, are key elements of its development strategy. Despite substantial economic growth since the early 2000s, income disparities have widened, and quality of life remains low for the majority of the population. Madagascar is experiencing an ongoing famine, which experts argue is the first to be caused entirely by climate change.

🏷️ Tags

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💬 Languages

French, Malagasy are the official languages.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Malagasy ariary [1 USD = 4,544.877 MGA].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Madagascar, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %0.961179752]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 789 ATM's in Madagascar.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 486K tourists arrived to Madagascar. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Madagascar economy with a total of 951.5M $ income (%23.3).

📱 Bandwidth

Broadband is 🐢average with 34.29 Mbps.

Broadband (1.2 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ☀️ 23 °C and hot. Current 3 months (April, May and June) average is ☀️ 22 °C and hot. Current season (spring) is ☀️ 24 °C and hot.
Yearly average23 °C ☀️
3 month average22 °C ☀️
Spring average24 °C ☀️
Summer average20 °C ☀️
Fall average23 °C ☀️
Winter average25 °C ☀️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 15B $ and with %0.7 increase GNI per capita was 510 $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %8.2.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.