Kyrgyzstan travel guide



Kyrgyzstan is located in Central Asia part of Asia. It's total area is 192K km² and 7% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 7M. 37.5% lives in cities whereas 62.5% lives in rural areas.
Kyrgyzstan or the Kyrgyz Republic is a landlocked country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south, and the People's Republic of China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek.Ethnic Kyrgyz make up the majority of the country's 6.6 million people, followed by significant minorities of Uzbeks and Russians. The Kyrgyz language is closely related to other Turkic languages.

Kyrgyzstan's history spans a variety of cultures and empires. Although geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain, Kyrgyzstan has been at the crossroads of several great civilizations as part of the Silk Road along with other commercial routes. Inhabited by a succession of tribes and clans, Kyrgyzstan has periodically fallen under larger domination, for example the Turkic nomads, who trace their ancestry to many Turkic states. It was first established as the Yenisei Kyrgyz Khaganate later in the 13th century. Kyrgyzstan was conquered by the Mongols; it regained independence, but was later invaded by Dzungar Khanate. After the fall of Dzhungars, Kyrgyz and Kipchaks were an integral part of Kokand Khanate. In 1876, Kyrgyzstan became part of the Russian Empire, and in 1936, the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was formed to become a constituent republic of the Soviet Union. Following Mikhail Gorbachev's democratic reforms in the USSR, in 1990 pro-independence candidate Askar Akayev was elected president. On 31 August 1991, Kyrgyzstan declared independence from Moscow and a democratic government was established. Kyrgyzstan attained sovereignty as a nation state after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.

After independence, Kyrgyzstan was officially a unitary presidential republic; after the Tulip Revolution it became a unitary parliamentary republic, although it gradually developed an executive president and was governed as a semi-presidential republic before reverting to a presidential system in 2021. Throughout its existence, the country has continued to endure ethnic conflicts, revolts, economic troubles, transitional governments and political conflict.Kyrgyzstan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Organisation of Turkic States, the Türksoy community and the United Nations. It is a developing country ranked 118th in the Human Development Index, and is the second poorest country in Central Asia. The country's transitional economy is heavily dependent on deposits of gold, coal and uranium.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Kyrgyzstan with these tags:

💬 Languages

Kirghiz, Russian are the official languages.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Kyrgyz som [1 USD = 89.43 KGS].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Kyrgyzstan, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %3.62531133]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 2.8K ATM's in Kyrgyzstan.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 8.5M tourists arrived to Kyrgyzstan. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Kyrgyzstan economy with a total of 708M $ income (%22.8).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is 🐢average with 29.38 Mbps. Broadband is fast with 61.8 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (0.93 / 10)

Broadband (2.18 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ❄️ 2 °C and cold. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is 🌤️ 12 °C and warm. Current season (spring) is ❄️ 2 °C and cold.
Yearly average2 °C ❄️
3 month average12 °C 🌤️
Spring average2 °C ❄️
Summer average14 °C 🌤️
Fall average2 °C ❄️
Winter average-12 °C 🧊
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 10B $ and with %-0.5 decrease GNI per capita was 1.4K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %13.9.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.