Greece travel guide



Greece is located in Southern Europe part of Europe. It's total area is 129K km² and 30.3% of it is forest area. As of 2023 it has a total population of 10M. 80.7% lives in cities whereas 19.3% lives in rural areas.
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country in Southeast Europe. It is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, and is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Greece shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Sea of Crete and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin, featuring thousands of islands. The country consists of nine traditional geographic regions, and has a population of approximately 10.4 million. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki and Patras.

Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilization, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, theatre and the Olympic Games. From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as poleis (singular polis), which spanned the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Philip II of Macedon united most of present-day Greece in the fourth century BC, with his son Alexander the Great rapidly conquering much of the ancient world, from the eastern Mediterranean to the North Western parts of India. The subsequent Hellenistic period saw the height of Greek culture and influence in antiquity. Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming an integral part of the Roman Empire and its continuation, the Byzantine Empire, which was culturally and linguistically predominantly Greek. The Greek Orthodox Church, which emerged in the first century AD, helped shape modern Greek identity and transmitted Greek traditions to the wider Orthodox world. After falling under Ottoman rule in the mid-15th century, Greece emerged as a modern nation state in 1830 following a war of independence. Over the first hundred years the kingdom of Greece sought its territorial expansion, which was mainly achieved in the early 20th century, during the Balkan Wars and up until the catastrophe of Greece's Asia Minor Campaign in 1922. The short-lived republic that followed, beset by the ramifications of civil strife, came to an end in 1936, when the imposition of a royalist dictatorship inaugurated a long period of authoritarian rule, marked by military occupation during World War II, civil war and military dictatorship. Greece achieved record economic growth from 1950 through the 1970s, allowing it to join the ranks of developed nations. Democracy was restored in 1974–75, and Greece has been a parliamentary republic ever since. The country's rich historical legacy is reflected in part by its 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Greece is a unitary parliamentary republic, and a developed country, with an advanced high-income economy, and a high quality of life, ranking 32nd in the Human Development Index. Its economy is among the largest in the Balkans, where it is an important regional investor. A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the tenth member to join the European Communities (precursor to the European Union) and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001. It is also a member of numerous other international institutions, including the Council of Europe, NATO, the OECD, the WTO, and the OSCE. Greece has a unique cultural heritage, large tourism industry, and prominent shipping sector.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Greece with these tags:

💬 Languages

Greek is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Euro [1 USD = 0.922 EUR].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Greece, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %11.96967214]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 6.8K ATM's in Greece.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 34M tourists arrived to Greece. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Greece economy with a total of 23B $ income (%28.3).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is fast with 82.11 Mbps. Broadband is 🐢average with 49.4 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (2.45 / 10)

Broadband (1.73 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is 🌤️ 15 °C and warm. Current 3 months (July, August and September) average is ☀️ 23 °C and hot. Current season (summer) is ☀️ 23 °C and hot.
Yearly average15 °C 🌤️
3 month average23 °C ☀️
Spring average13 °C 🌤️
Summer average23 °C ☀️
Fall average16 °C 🌤️
Winter average7 °C ❄️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2023, gross national income (GNI) was 234B $ and with %5.3 increase GNI per capita was 23K $. In 2023, consumer inflation was calculated as %3.5.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.