visamonk.net

Falkland Islands travel guide

Falkland IslandsFalkland Islands

About

Falkland Islands is located in Latin America and the Caribbean part of South America.
The Falkland Islands (; Spanish: Islas Malvinas [ˈizlaz malˈβinas]) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 mi (480 km) east of South America's southern Patagonian coast and about 752 mi (1,210 km) from Cape Dubouzet at the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, at a latitude of about 52°S. The archipelago, with an area of 4,700 sq mi (12,000 km2), comprises East Falkland, West Falkland, and 776 smaller islands. As a British overseas territory, the Falklands have internal self-governance, but the United Kingdom takes responsibility for their defence and foreign affairs. The capital and largest settlement is Stanley on East Falkland.

Controversy exists over the Falklands' discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans. At various times the islands have had French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements. Britain reasserted its rule in 1833, but Argentina maintains its claim to the islands. In April 1982, Argentine military forces invaded the islands. British administration was restored two months later at the end of the Falklands War. In a 2013 sovereignty referendum almost all Falklanders voted in favour of remaining a UK overseas territory. The territory's sovereignty status is part of an ongoing dispute between Argentina and the UK.

The population (3,662 inhabitants in 2021) is primarily native-born Falkland Islanders, the majority of British descent. Other ethnicities include French, Gibraltarians, and Scandinavians. Immigration from the United Kingdom, the South Atlantic island of Saint Helena, and Chile has reversed a population decline. The predominant (and official) language is English. Under the British Nationality (Falkland Islands) Act 1983, Falkland Islanders are British citizens.

The islands lie at the boundary of the subantarctic oceanic and tundra climate zones, and both major islands have mountain ranges reaching 2,300 ft (700 m). They are home to large bird populations, although many no longer breed on the main islands due to predation by introduced species. Major economic activities include fishing, tourism and sheep farming, with an emphasis on high-quality wool exports. Oil exploration, licensed by the Falkland Islands Government, remains controversial as a result of maritime disputes with Argentina.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Falkland Islands with these tags:

💬 Languages

English is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Falkland Islands pound [1 USD = 0.789 FKP].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

We don't have any data for credit card usage in Falkland Islands.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

We don't have any tourism data for Falkland Islands.

📱 Bandwidth

We don't have any bandwidth data for Falkland Islands.

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ❄️ 6 °C and cold. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is ❄️ 3 °C and cold. Current season (spring) is ❄️ 6 °C and cold.
Yearly average6 °C ❄️
3 month average3 °C ❄️
Spring average6 °C ❄️
Summer average2 °C ❄️
Fall average6 °C ❄️
Winter average9 °C ❄️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

We have no financial data.
Note

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.