Estonia travel guide



Estonia is located in Northern Europe part of Europe. It's total area is 43K km² and 57% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 1.3M. 69.6% lives in cities whereas 30.4% lives in rural areas.
Estonia, formally the Republic of Estonia, is a country by the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland across from Finland, to the west by the sea across from Sweden, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. The territory of Estonia consists of the mainland, the larger islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, and over 2,200 other islands and islets on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,339 square kilometres (17,505 sq mi). The capital city Tallinn and Tartu are the two largest urban areas of the country. The Estonian language is the autochthonous and the official language of Estonia; it is the first language of the majority of its population, as well as the world's second most spoken Finnic language.

The land of what is now modern Estonia has been inhabited by Homo sapiens since at least 9,000 BC. The medieval indigenous population of Estonia was one of the last pagan civilisations in Europe to adopt Christianity following the Papal-sanctioned Livonian Crusade in the 13th century. After centuries of successive rule by the Teutonic Order, Denmark, Sweden, and the Russian Empire, a distinct Estonian national identity began to emerge in the mid-19th century. This culminated in the 24 February 1918 Estonian Declaration of Independence from the then warring Russian and German Empires. Democratic throughout most of the interwar period, Estonia declared neutrality at the outbreak of World War II, but the country was repeatedly contested, invaded and occupied, first by Stalinist Soviet Union in 1940, then by Nazi Germany in 1941, and ultimately reoccupied in 1944 by, and annexed into, the USSR as an administrative subunit (Estonian SSR). Throughout the 1944–1991 Soviet occupation, Estonia's de jure state continuity was preserved by diplomatic representatives and the government-in-exile. Following the bloodless Estonian "Singing Revolution" of 1988–1990, the nation's de facto independence was restored on 20 August 1991.

Estonia is a developed country, with a high-income advanced economy, ranking very highly (31st out of 191) in the Human Development Index. The sovereign state of Estonia is a democratic unitary parliamentary republic, administratively subdivided into 15 maakond (counties). With a population of just over 1.3 million, it is one of the least populous members of the European Union, the Eurozone, the OECD, the Schengen Area, and NATO. Estonia is nowadays often considered to be one of the three "Baltic countries" or "Baltic states". Estonia has consistently ranked highly in international rankings for quality of life, education, press freedom, digitalisation of public services and the prevalence of technology companies.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Estonia with these tags:

💬 Languages

Estonian is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Euro [1 USD = 0.922 EUR].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Estonia, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %29.35230732]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 859 ATM's in Estonia.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 6.1M tourists arrived to Estonia. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Estonia economy with a total of 2.3B $ income (%10.1).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is fast with 93.34 Mbps. Broadband is fast with 85.37 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (2.98 / 10)

Broadband (3 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ❄️ 5 °C and cold. Current 3 months (April, May and June) average is ❄️ 9 °C and cold. Current season (spring) is ❄️ 4 °C and cold.
Yearly average5 °C ❄️
3 month average9 °C ❄️
Spring average4 °C ❄️
Summer average16 °C 🌤️
Fall average6 °C ❄️
Winter average-5 °C ❄️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 37B $ and with %-2 decrease GNI per capita was 27K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %19.4.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.