Czech Republic travel guide

Czech RepublicCzech Republic


Czech Republic is located in Eastern Europe part of Europe. It's total area is 77K km² and 34.7% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 11M. 74.4% lives in cities whereas 25.6% lives in rural areas.
The Czech Republic, also known as Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Historically known as Bohemia, it is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to the southeast. The Czech Republic has a hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,871 square kilometers (30,452 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental and oceanic climate. The capital and largest city is Prague; other major cities and urban areas include Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň and Liberec.

The Duchy of Bohemia was founded in the late 9th century under Great Moravia. It was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire in 1002 and became a kingdom in 1198. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg monarchy. The Protestant Bohemian Revolt led to the Thirty Years' War. After the Battle of White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule. With the dissolution of the Holy Empire in 1806, the Crown lands became part of the Austrian Empire.

In the 19th century, the Czech lands became more industrialized, and in 1918 most of it became part of the First Czechoslovak Republic following the collapse of Austria-Hungary after World War I. Czechoslovakia was the only country in Central and Eastern Europe to remain a parliamentary democracy during the entirety of the interwar period. After the Munich Agreement in 1938, Nazi Germany systematically took control over the Czech lands. Czechoslovakia was restored in 1945 and three years later became an Eastern Bloc communist state following a coup d'état in 1948. Attempts to liberalize the government and economy were suppressed by a Soviet-led invasion of the country during the Prague Spring in 1968. In November 1989, the Velvet Revolution ended communist rule in the country and restored Democracy. On 31 December 1992, Czechoslovakia was peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced, high-income social market economy. It is a welfare state with a European social model, universal health care and free-tuition university education. It ranks 16th in the UN inequality-adjusted human development, 32nd in the Human Development Index and 24th in the World Bank Human Capital Index. As of 2022, it ranks as the 8th safest and most peaceful country and 25th in democratic governance. The Czech Republic is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Union, the OECD, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Czech Republic with these tags:

💬 Languages

Czech, Slovak are the official languages.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Czech koruna [1 USD = 22.529 CZK].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Czech Republic, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %25.00212491]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 6.1K ATM's in Czech Republic.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2018, 36.3M tourists arrived to Czech Republic. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Czech Republic economy with a total of 8B $ income (%4.3).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is fast with 56.11 Mbps. Broadband is fast with 62.6 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (2.08 / 10)

Broadband (2.37 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ❄️ 8 °C and cold. Current 3 months (December, January and February) average is ❄️ -2 °C and cold. Current season (winter) is ❄️ -2 °C and cold.
Yearly average8 °C ❄️
3 month average-2 °C ❄️
Spring average8 °C ❄️
Summer average17 °C 🌤️
Fall average8 °C ❄️
Winter average-2 °C ❄️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 280B $ and with %6.4 increase GNI per capita was 27K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %15.1.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.