Costa Rica travel guide

Costa RicaCosta Rica


Costa Rica is located in Latin America and the Caribbean part of North America. It's total area is 51K km² and 59.8% of it is forest area. As of 2023 it has a total population of 5.2M. 82.6% lives in cities whereas 17.4% lives in rural areas.
Costa Rica (UK: , US: (listen); Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally "Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in the Central American region of North America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and maritime border with Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around five million in a land area of 51,060 km2 (19,710 sq mi). An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around two million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.The sovereign state is a unitary presidential constitutional republic. It has a long-standing and stable democracy and a highly educated workforce. The country spends roughly 6.9% of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a global average of 4.4%. Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Many foreign manufacturing and services companies operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives.Costa Rica was inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the Federal Republic of Central America, from which it formally declared independence in 1847. Following the brief Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army.The country has consistently performed favorably in the Human Development Index (HDI), placing 62nd in the world as of 2020, and fifth in Latin America. It has also been cited by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as having attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels, with a better record on human development and inequality than the median of the region. It also performs well in comparisons of the state of democracy, press freedom and subjective happiness. It has the 7th freest press according to the Press Freedom Index, it is the 37th most democratic country according to the Freedom in the World index and it is the 12th happiest country in the World Happiness Report.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Costa Rica with these tags:

💬 Languages

Spanish is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Costa Rican colón [1 USD = 516.357 CRC].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Costa Rica, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %13.87843937]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 3.4K ATM's in Costa Rica.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 3.4M tourists arrived to Costa Rica. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Costa Rica economy with a total of 4.1B $ income (%19.3).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is 🐢average with 33.29 Mbps. Broadband is fast with 94.33 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (0.99 / 10)

Broadband (3.31 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ☀️ 25 °C and hot. Current 3 months (July, August and September) average is ☀️ 25 °C and hot. Current season (summer) is ☀️ 25 °C and hot.
Yearly average25 °C ☀️
3 month average25 °C ☀️
Spring average26 °C 🔥
Summer average25 °C ☀️
Fall average24 °C ☀️
Winter average24 °C ☀️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2023, gross national income (GNI) was 72B $ and with %0.8 increase GNI per capita was 14K $. In 2023, consumer inflation was calculated as %0.5.

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.