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Colombia travel guide

ColombiaColombia

About

Colombia is located in Latin America and the Caribbean part of South America. It's total area is 1.1M km² and 53.1% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 52M. 82.1% lives in cities whereas 18% lives in rural areas.
Colombia ( (listen), ; Spanish: [koˈlombja] (listen)), officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country in South America with insular regions in North America—near Nicaragua's Caribbean coast—as well as in the Pacific Ocean. The Colombian mainland is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela to the east and northeast, Brazil to the southeast, Ecuador and Peru to the south and southwest, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and Panama to the northwest. Colombia is divided into 32 departments. The Capital District of Bogotá is also the country's largest city. It covers an area of 1,141,748 square kilometers (440,831 sq mi), and has a population of around 52 million. Colombia's cultural heritage—including language, religion, cuisine, and art—reflects its history as a Spanish colony, fusing cultural elements brought by immigration from Europe and the Middle East, with those brought by enslaved Africans, as well as with those of the various Indigenous civilizations that predate colonization. Spanish is the official state language, although English and 64 other languages are recognized regional languages.

Colombia has been home to many indigenous peoples and cultures since at least 12,000 BCE. The Spanish first landed in La Guajira in 1499, and by the mid-16th century they had explored and colonized much of present-day Colombia, and established the New Kingdom of Granada, with Santa Fé de Bogotá as its capital. Independence from the Spanish Empire was achieved in 1819, with what is now Colombia emerging as the United Provinces of New Granada. The new polity experimented with federalism as the Granadine Confederation (1858) and then the United States of Colombia (1863), before becoming a republic—the current Republic of Colombia—in 1886. With the backing of the United States and France, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, resulting in Colombia's present borders. Beginning in the 1960s, the country has suffered from an asymmetric low-intensity armed conflict and political violence, both of which escalated in the 1990s. Since 2005, there has been significant improvement in security, stability and rule of law, as well as unprecedented economic growth and development.Colombia is one of the world's seventeen megadiverse countries; it has the second-highest level of biodiversity in the world. Its territory encompasses Amazon rainforest, highlands, grasslands and deserts. It is the only country in South America with coastlines and islands along both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Colombia is a member of major global and regional organizations including the UN, the WTO, the OECD, the OAS, the Pacific Alliance and the Andean Community; it is also a NATO Global Partner. Its diversified economy is the third-largest in South America, with macroeconomic stability and favorable long-term growth prospects. However, Colombia struggles with ideological divisions, widespread corruption, drug trafficking and other forms of criminal activities.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Colombia with these tags:

💬 Languages

Spanish is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Colombian peso [1 USD = 3,934.756 COP].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Colombia, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %13.91015053]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 21K ATM's in Colombia.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 4.5M tourists arrived to Colombia. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Colombia economy with a total of 6.8B $ income (%12.8).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is 🐌slow with 18.89 Mbps. Broadband is 🚀very fast with 147.21 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (0.6 / 10)

Broadband (5.18 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ☀️ 25 °C and hot. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is ☀️ 24 °C and hot. Current season (spring) is ☀️ 25 °C and hot.
Yearly average25 °C ☀️
3 month average24 °C ☀️
Spring average25 °C ☀️
Summer average24 °C ☀️
Fall average25 °C ☀️
Winter average25 °C ☀️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 337B $ and with %4 increase GNI per capita was 6.5K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %10.2.
Note

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.