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Cameroon travel guide

CameroonCameroon

About

Cameroon is located in Sub-Saharan Africa part of Africa. It's total area is 473K km² and 42.9% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 28M. 58.7% lives in cities whereas 41.3% lives in rural areas.
Cameroon (English: Cameroon, (listen), French: Cameroun, Duala: Kamerun, Ewondo: Kamərún, Fula: Kamerun, Fe'fe': Kamerun), officially the Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun), is a country in west-central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Its coastline lies on the Bight of Biafra, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Due to its strategic position at the crossroads between West Africa and Central Africa, it has been categorized as being in both camps. Its nearly 27 million people speak 250 native languages.Early inhabitants of the territory included the Sao civilisation around Lake Chad, and the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern rainforest. Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English. Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884 known as Kamerun. After World War I, it was divided between France and the United Kingdom as League of Nations mandates. The Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC) political party advocated independence, but was outlawed by France in the 1950s, leading to the national liberation insurgency fought between French and UPC militant forces until early 1971. In 1960, the French-administered part of Cameroon became independent, as the Republic of Cameroun, under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. The southern part of British Cameroons federated with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The federation was abandoned in 1972. The country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and back to the Republic of Cameroon in 1984 by a presidential decree by president Paul Biya. Paul Biya, the incumbent president, has led the country since 1982 following Ahidjo's resignation; he previously held office as prime minister from 1975 on. Cameroon is governed as a Unitary Presidential Republic.

The official languages of Cameroon are French and English, the official languages of former French Cameroons and British Cameroons. Its religious population is predominantly Christian, with a significant minority practicing Islam, and others following traditional faiths. It has experienced tensions from the English-speaking territories, where politicians have advocated for greater decentralisation and even complete separation or independence (as in the Southern Cameroons National Council). In 2017, tensions over the creation of an Ambazonian state in the English-speaking territories escalated into open warfare.

Large numbers of Cameroonians live as subsistence farmers. The country is often referred to as "Africa in miniature" for its geological, linguistic and cultural diversity. Its natural features include beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas. Its highest point, at almost 4,100 metres (13,500 ft), is Mount Cameroon in the Southwest Region. Its most populous cities are Douala on the Wouri River, its economic capital and main seaport; Yaoundé, its political capital; and Garoua. Limbe in the Southwest has a natural seaport. Cameroon is well known for its native music styles, particularly Makossa, Njang and Bikutsi, and for its successful national football team. It is a member state of the African Union, the United Nations, the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), the Commonwealth of Nations, Non-Aligned Movement and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Cameroon with these tags:

💬 Languages

English, French are the official languages.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Central African CFA franc [1 USD = 605.118 XAF].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Cameroon, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %3.046463057]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 1.2K ATM's in Cameroon.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2018, 997K tourists arrived to Cameroon. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Cameroon economy with a total of 681M $ income (%8.8).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is 🐌slow with 13.72 Mbps. Broadband is 🐌slow with 10.18 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (0.44 / 10)

Broadband (0.36 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is ☀️ 25 °C and hot. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is ☀️ 25 °C and hot. Current season (spring) is 🔥 27 °C and very hot.
Yearly average25 °C ☀️
3 month average25 °C ☀️
Spring average27 °C 🔥
Summer average24 °C ☀️
Fall average25 °C ☀️
Winter average25 °C ☀️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 46B $ and with %1.1 increase GNI per capita was 1.6K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %6.2.
Note

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.