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Burkina Faso travel guide

Burkina FasoBurkina Faso

About

Burkina Faso is located in Sub-Saharan Africa part of Africa. It's total area is 274K km² and 22.5% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 23M. 31.9% lives in cities whereas 68.1% lives in rural areas.
Burkina Faso (UK: , US: (listen); French: [buʁkina faso], Fula: 𞤄𞤵𞤪𞤳𞤭𞤲𞤢 𞤊𞤢𞤧𞤮) is a landlocked country in West Africa with an area of 274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi), bordered by Mali to the northwest, Niger to the northeast, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and the Ivory Coast to the southwest. As of 2021, the country had an estimated population of 20,321,378. Previously called Republic of Upper Volta (1958–1984), it was renamed Burkina Faso by President Thomas Sankara. Its citizens are known as Burkinabès ( bur-KEE-nə-bay), and its capital and largest city is Ouagadougou.

The largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso is the Mossi people, who settled the area in the 11th and 13th centuries. They established powerful kingdoms such as the Ouagadougou, Tenkodogo, and Yatenga. In 1896, it was colonized by the French as part of French West Africa; in 1958, Upper Volta became a self-governing colony within the French Community. In 1960, it gained full independence with Maurice Yaméogo as president. Throughout the decades post independence, the country was subject to instability, droughts, famines and corruption. Various coups have also taken place in the country, in 1966, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1987, and twice in 2022, in January and in September, as well as an attempt in 1989 and another in 2015.

Thomas Sankara served as the country's president from 1982 until he was killed in the 1987 coup led by Blaise Compaoré, who became president and ruled the country until his removal on 31 October 2014. Sankara had conducted an ambitious socioeconomic programme which included a nationwide literacy campaign, land redistribution to peasants, railway and road construction, and the outlawing of female genital mutilation, forced marriages, and polygamy.

Burkina Faso has been severely affected by the rise of Islamist terrorism in the Sahel since the mid-2010s. Several militias, partly allied with the Islamic State (IS) or al-Qaeda, operate in Burkina Faso and across the border in Mali and Niger. More than one million of the country's 21 million inhabitants are internally displaced persons. Burkina Faso's military seized power in a coup d'état on 23–24 January 2022, overthrowing President Roch Marc Kaboré. On 31 January, the military junta restored the constitution and appointed Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba as interim president, who was himself overthrown in a second coup on 30 September and replaced by military captain Ibrahim Traoré.Burkina Faso is one of the least developed countries with a GDP of $16.226 billion. Approximately 63.8 percent of its population practices Islam, while 26.3 percent practice Christianity. The country's official language of government and business is French. There are 60 indigenous languages officially recognized by the Burkinabè government, with the most common language, Mooré, spoken by over half the population. The country is governed as a semi-presidential republic with executive, legislative and judicial powers. Burkina Faso is a member of the United Nations, La Francophonie and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. It is currently suspended from ECOWAS and the African Union.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Burkina Faso with these tags:

💬 Languages

Peul, French are the official languages.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is West African CFA franc [1 USD = 605.118 XOF].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Burkina Faso, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %4.816795886]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 942 ATM's in Burkina Faso.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 143K tourists arrived to Burkina Faso. In 2018, tourism has contributed to Burkina Faso economy with a total of 179M $ income (%4).

📱 Bandwidth

Broadband is 🐢average with 43.55 Mbps.

Broadband (1.53 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is 🔥 28 °C and very hot. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is 🔥 29 °C and very hot. Current season (spring) is 🔥 31 °C and very hot.
Yearly average28 °C 🔥
3 month average29 °C 🔥
Spring average31 °C 🔥
Summer average28 °C 🔥
Fall average28 °C 🔥
Winter average26 °C 🔥
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 19B $ and with %2.9 increase GNI per capita was 850 $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %14.3.
Note

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.