visamonk.net

Bulgaria travel guide

BulgariaBulgaria

About

Bulgaria is located in Eastern Europe part of Europe. It's total area is 109K km² and 36% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 6.5M. 76.4% lives in cities whereas 23.6% lives in rural areas.
Bulgaria ( (listen); Bulgarian: България, romanized: Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria, is a country in Southeast Europe. It is situated on the eastern flank of the Balkans, and is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. Bulgaria covers a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), and is the sixteenth-largest country in Europe. Sofia is the nation's capital and largest city; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas.

One of the earliest societies in the lands of modern-day Bulgaria was the Neolithic Karanovo culture, which dates back to 6,500 BC. In the 6th to 3rd century BC the region was a battleground for ancient Thracians, Persians, Celts and Macedonians; stability came when the Roman Empire conquered the region in AD 45. After the Roman state splintered, tribal invasions in the region resumed. Around the 6th century, these territories were settled by the early Slavs. The Bulgars, led by Asparuh, attacked from the lands of Old Great Bulgaria and permanently invaded the Balkans in the late 7th century. They established First Bulgarian Empire, victoriously recognised by treaty in 681 AD by the Eastern Roman Empire. It dominated most of the Balkans and significantly influenced Slavic cultures by developing the Cyrillic script. The First Bulgarian Empire lasted until the early 11th century, when Byzantine emperor Basil II conquered and dismantled it. A successful Bulgarian revolt in 1185 established a Second Bulgarian Empire, which reached its apex under Ivan Asen II (1218–1241). After numerous exhausting wars and feudal strife, the empire disintegrated and in 1396 fell under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries.

The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 resulted in the formation of the third and current Bulgarian state. Many ethnic Bulgarians were left outside the new nation's borders, which stoked irredentist sentiments that led to several conflicts with its neighbours and alliances with Germany in both world wars. In 1946, Bulgaria came under the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc and became a socialist state. The ruling Communist Party gave up its monopoly on power after the revolutions of 1989 and allowed multiparty elections. Bulgaria then transitioned into a democracy and a market-based economy. Since adopting a democratic constitution in 1991, Bulgaria has been a unitary parliamentary republic composed of 28 provinces, with a high degree of political, administrative, and economic centralisation.

Bulgaria is a developing country, with an upper-middle-income economy, ranking 68th in the Human Development Index. Its market economy is part of the European Single Market and is largely based on services, followed by industry—especially machine building and mining—and agriculture. Widespread corruption is a major socioeconomic issue; Bulgaria ranked as the most corrupt country in the European Union in 2018. The country also faces a demographic crisis, with its population slowly shrinking, down from a peak of 9,009,018 in 1989, to roughly 6.4 million today. Bulgaria is a member of the European Union, NATO, and the Council of Europe; it is also a founding member of the OSCE, and has taken a seat on the United Nations Security Council three times.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Bulgaria with these tags:

💬 Languages

Bulgarian is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Bulgarian lev [1 USD = 1.804 BGN].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

As credit cards are not widely used in Bulgaria, we suggest you to carry cash during your travels [2017: %13.55324835]. Approximately there are a total of 🏧 6.3K ATM's in Bulgaria.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 12.6M tourists arrived to Bulgaria. In 2019, tourism has contributed to Bulgaria economy with a total of 4.8B $ income (%11).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is 🚀very fast with 100.95 Mbps. Broadband is fast with 83.14 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (3.21 / 10)

Broadband (2.93 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is 🌤️ 11 °C and warm. Current 3 months (May, June and July) average is ☀️ 19 °C and hot. Current season (spring) is 🌤️ 10 °C and warm.
Yearly average11 °C 🌤️
3 month average19 °C ☀️
Spring average10 °C 🌤️
Summer average21 °C ☀️
Fall average12 °C 🌤️
Winter average1 °C ❄️
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 86B $ and with %11.4 increase GNI per capita was 13K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %15.3.
Note

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.