visamonk.net

Brunei travel guide

BruneiBrunei

About

Brunei is located in South-eastern Asia part of Asia. It's total area is 5.3K km² and 72.1% of it is forest area. As of 2022 it has a total population of 449K. 78.9% lives in cities whereas 21.1% lives in rural areas.
Brunei ( (listen) broo-NY, Malay: [brunaɪ] (listen)), formally Brunei Darussalam (Malay: Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: نݢارا بروني دارالسلام‎, lit. 'Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace'), is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its South China Sea coast, it is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is separated into two parts by the Sarawak district of Limbang. Brunei is the only sovereign state entirely on Borneo; the remainder of the island is divided between Malaysia and Indonesia. As of 2020, its population was 460,345, of whom about 100,000 live in the capital and largest city, Bandar Seri Begawan. The government is an absolute monarchy ruled by its Sultan, entitled the Yang di-Pertuan, and implements a combination of English common law and sharia law, as well as general Islamic practices.

At the peak of the Bruneian Empire, Sultan Bolkiah (reigned 1485–1528) is claimed to have had control over most regions of Borneo, including modern-day Sarawak and Sabah, as well as the Sulu Archipelago off the northeast tip of Borneo, and the islands off the northwest tip of Borneo. Claims also state that they had control over Seludong (or the Kingdom of Maynila, where the modern-day Philippine capital Manila now stands) but Southeast Asian scholars believe this refers to a settlement Mount Selurong in Indonesia. The maritime state of Brunei was visited by Spain's Magellan Expedition in 1521 and fought against Spain in the 1578 Castilian War.

During the 19th century, the Bruneian Empire began to decline. The Sultanate ceded Sarawak (Kuching) to James Brooke and installed him as the White Rajah, and it ceded Sabah to the British North Borneo Chartered Company. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate and was assigned a British resident as colonial manager in 1906. After the Japanese occupation during World War II, in 1959 a new constitution was written. In 1962, a small armed rebellion against the monarchy was ended with the help of the British.

Brunei has been led by the Sultan of Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah since 1967, and had gained its independence as a British protectorate on 1 January 1984. The country is an autocratic absolute monarchy. Economic growth during the 1990s and 2000s, with the GDP increasing 56% from 1999 to 2008, transformed Brunei into an industrialised country. It has developed wealth from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields. Brunei has the second-highest Human Development Index among the Southeast Asian nations, after Singapore. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Brunei is ranked fifth in the world by gross domestic product per capita at purchasing power parity. The IMF estimated in 2011 that Brunei was one of two countries (the other being Libya) with a public debt at 0% of the national GDP.

🏷️ Tags

We have tagged Brunei with these tags:

💬 Languages

Malay is the official language.

💵 Currencies

The official currency is Brunei dollar [1 USD = 1.344 BND].

🏧 Cash / Credit card usage

We don't have any data for credit card usage in Brunei.

🧑‍🤝‍🧑 Tourism

In 2019, 333K tourists arrived to Brunei. In 2018, tourism has contributed to Brunei economy with a total of 190M $ income (%2.7).

📱 Bandwidth

Mobile internet & wifi is fast with 93.66 Mbps. Broadband is fast with 79.69 Mbps.

Mobile & Wifi (3.27 / 10)

Broadband (2.78 / 10)

☀️ Climate

Averag yearly temperature is 🔥 26 °C and very hot. Current 3 months (April, May and June) average is 🔥 26 °C and very hot. Current season (spring) is 🔥 26 °C and very hot.
Yearly average26 °C 🔥
3 month average26 °C 🔥
Spring average26 °C 🔥
Summer average26 °C 🔥
Fall average26 °C 🔥
Winter average26 °C 🔥
About seasons: Remember that seasons in Southern Hemisphere are opposite of the Northern one. This means that in Argentina and Australia, winter begins in June. Currently season averages are rendered according Northern Hemisphere.

📈 Economics

In 2022, gross national income (GNI) was 14B $ and with %-5.6 decrease GNI per capita was 31K $. In 2022, consumer inflation was calculated as %3.7.
Note

The data contained in this page is provided for informational purposes only, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. We gather our data from open resources and may contain outdated information. Make sure to verify these data from official resources of the respective country.